Site 18CH383 is a prehistoric site of indeterminate age best characterized as a limited activity, short-term encampment geared mainly towards lithic extraction and preliminary reduction.

Archaeological Investigations

Phase II evaluation of 18CH383 conducted during the spring and summer of 1994 included archival research and field evaluation by R. Christopher Goodwin & Associates, Inc. A total of 206 prehistoric lithic artifacts were found at the site. None of these were diagnostic, so associating a precise temporal or cultural affiliation to the site was impossible. The clustering of the prehistoric artifacts at 8-27cmbs, within the upper portion of the A2 horizon, suggested that some vertical integrity persisted despite erosion and deflation at the site. This suggestion was confirmed by the presence of a small pit feature, containing an abrader. However, no diagnostic artifacts were recovered in the intact horizon. The site is best characterized as a short-term camp, utilized mainly as a locus for primary reduction of cobbles. The reduction process probably began along the nearby streambed from which they were extracted.

Archeobotanical Studies

A flotation sample taken from a hearth or pit feature (Feature 201 in Test Unit 2) produced 1.65g of charcoal. This total included 61 wood fragments, 20 of which have been identified as eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana). The flotation sample ws analyzed by Justine Woodard.


Hornum, Michael B., et al.
1994 Phase II Cultural Resource Evaluation of Nine Sites Within the Phase I Development Area, Chapman's Landing, Charles County, MD. 3 vols. R. Christopher Goodwin & Associates, Inc. for Banyan Management, Waldorf, Maryland.

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