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Site: 18ST751 Rousby

Context: Lot 219, Unit 13, Level 9, 1.74-1.94 ft. below datum. Disturbed fill layer including 19th-century materials that probably relate to the Carroll family occupation of the nearby Susquehanna site, 18ST399.

Site Date Range: c. 1652-1900

Metal: White metal alloy

Dimensions: 0.54” (13.6 mm) wide, 0.79” (20 mm) tall, 0.01” (0.5 mm)

“PIO IX PONT MAX” around the bust of Pope Pius IX.

Written in Italian, “O MARIA CONCEPITA SENZA PECCATO ORATE PER NOI CHE RICORRIAMO A VOI” (Translation: O Mary conceived without sin pray for us who have recourse to you) and the date “1854” around the Virgin Mary.

On December 8, 1854, Pope Pius IX proclaimed the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin as a dogma of the Roman Catholic Church (Ott 1911). This medal most likely commemorates that event.

Courtesy Naval District Washington, Naval Air Station Patuxent River.