genus Salix is composed of more than 200 species that grow naturally
in Eurasia, and the New World. All species look identical at the
cellular level. The word salix is the classical Latin name for
is native to all parts of the United States. Black willow trees
reach a height of 140 ft (43 m), with a diameter of 4 ft (1.2
m). Willow sapwood is light tan, with a pale brown heartwood.
The wood is soft with a uniform texture, but is weak in physical
and mechanical properties. It is difficult to machine or split
and does not hold nails well. It is used for artificial limbs,
box lumber, cabinetry, carvings, excelsior, factory lumber, fiber
board, furniture, interior trim, novelties, paneling, polo balls,
pulpwood, slack cooperage, toys, veneers and wooden shoes.
Characteristics found in the Willow (Salix sp.)
- Diffuse porous
- Simple perforations
- I/V pits medium to large (8-50)
- Hetrocellular, uniseriate rays
- R/V pitting foraminate or salicoid
Click on each image to view a larger
(Salix showing heterocellular
rays with upright cells.
(Salix sp.) showing square
cells within the body of the ray (brackets).